The Nairobi Framework Partnership (NFP) supports developing countries in preparing and implementing their plans to address climate change, called Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Climate Change Agreement.


With a focus on climate finance, technology transfer, regulatory mechanisms, carbon markets and mechanisms, including the Clean Development Mechanism, the NFP aims to:

  • Enhance capacity of stakeholders involved in NDC planning and implementation
  • Enhance capacity of stakeholders to cooperate on climate action, including through new and existing market mechanisms
  • Identify and promote investment in climate change mitigation activities
  • Improve information sharing and outreach
  • Enhance inter-agency collaboration

Nairobi Framework Partners and cooperating organizations pursue the above goals through initiatives – projects, workshops, forums – in accordance with their mandates.


The NFP was established by then UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan in 2006 to increase participation in the CDM, especially in sub-Saharan Africa.

The CDM “has become a multi-billion dollar source of funding for sustainable development . . . an outstanding example of a UN-led partnership linking government action to the private sector in the developing world.”

The Secretary-General went on to “encourage donor countries to help make these efforts [under the Nairobi Framework] a success.”

Initially the Framework included the United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Environment Programme, the World Bank Group, the African Development Bank, and the secretariat of the UNFCCC.

In January 2016 in Copenhagen, the Nairobi Framework partners revised their Terms of Reference in light of the Paris Climate Change Agreement adopted by countries the previous month. The scope of the partnership was expanded to include support to developing countries in development and implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions under the Paris Agreement.

Key decisions

1/CMP.2 – Further Guidance to the clean development mechanism

Parties welcome the “Nairobi Framework”, launched to catalyze CDM in Africa.

6/CMP.2 – Capacity building under the Kyoto Protocol

Parties encourage focus on institutional and technical capacity-building activities that are specific to the CDM; reiterates a request that Parties to continue with measures to assist Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention, in particular least developed countries and small island developing States, and bearing in mind the difficulties of Africa to attract CDM projects, to carry out capacity-building activities; and encourages Parties and relevant international governmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, private sector organizations and others, to facilitate
learning by doing and to further strengthen their efforts to support the identification, development and implementation of CDM project activities.

8/CMP.7 and 15/CMP.7

Parties renew their call to NFP partners to enhance their capacity-building activities under the Framework, in particular in least developed countries, small island developing States and African countries, for, inter alia, the following:

(a) Skills enhancement and training to assist designated national authorities, applicant and designated operational entities and project participants with regard to technical matters related to the clean development mechanism;

(b) Institutional strengthening through, inter alia, support to designated national authorities in the development and submission of standardized baselines and microscale renewable energy technologies that are automatically defined as additional;

(c) Activities of designated national authorities and stakeholders in the implementation of the guidelines on standardized baselines and suppressed demand through system development and application.